Volume 3, Issue 3 (2023)
Strategic planning of socio-economic development is one of the most important state functions. In advanced countries, the modern state represents the interests of the whole society with all its social and age strata. Its actions rely on forecasting the trends in national and global development. The state defines national interests, goals, and development priorities to implement them through strategic plans, programs, projects, and development institutions. The mainstream economic thought does not justify the state intervention into the market. However, the modern practice of public administration has proven the need for strategic planning of socio-economic development as a prerequisite for successful economic growth. The research objective was to identify the methodological foundations of effective strategic planning. It relied on such traditional methods of scientific research as analysis, synthesis, generalization, and comparison. Despite the poor representation of the topic in scientific journals, the author formulated methodological recommendations that can be applied in practice when adjusting public policy.
This research is part of a larger project on modeling national power and security indicators. It involved the method of multidimensional statistical analysis as an integral indicator that characterizes the total potential of each country, as well as the strategic development of its socio-ecological and economic system. The national economic potential in the international trade network was represented as a graph that illustrates the trade flows between countries. The centrality index marked the importance of a particular country in the international trade network, i.e., its ability to affect other countries, and its vulnerability, i.e., its dependence on other countries. The graph took into account the national power of the country, its partner countries, and the commodity circulation between them. The authors used the case of the global pandemic crisis and the local sanctions imposed on Russia in 2014 to study the adaptive ability of powerful national economies. The research resulted in two regression models. The model of the economic bloc of the national power took into account the trade volume and the vulnerability index in the international trade network. The model of national GDP growth relied on the growth of the economic bloc of national power, the trade volume, and the increase in exports, as well as the vulnerability index in the international trade network.
At present, the wave of digital economy is sweeping the world. Countries all over the world are competing for the strategic commanding height in digital economy. In order to firmly seize this major historical opportunity and to transform and upgrade its economic structure faster, Russia keeps on strengthening the core capabilities of the digital economy such as information infrastructure, new generation information technology, ICT industry, human resources, information security, and digital environment supervision. Research purpose: a competitive analysis of the national strategic planning for the digital economies in China and Russia. Research objectives: 1) to provide definition for the digital economy; 2) to show the current improvement of the digital economy; 3) to study Russia’s digital economy; 4) to explore China’s digital economy. Research methodology: study of theoretical literature, data collection and analysis. Research results. “Strategy of the Information Society Development in the Russian Federation for 2017–2030” (2017) implies creating conditions for developing large companies in the information and communications technology industry in order to protect national interests in the digital economy. In 2021, Russia’s investment in the development of the digital economy reached the total of 4.094 trillion rubles. It represents an increase of 7.8 % compared to 2020 and amounts to 3.7 % of GDP. Over the past decade, China’s digital economy has made world-renowned development achievements. The overall scale has been the second best in the world for many years. The construction of information and communication networks is a global leader in terms of scope. The "Broadband China" strategy has been diligently implemented. The country has built the world’s largest fiber optic and mobile broadband network. The length of optical cable lines increased 2.7 times from 14.79 million km in 2012 to 54.81 million km in 2021. By June 2022, the total number of data center racks in China exceeded 5.9 million standard racks, and 153 national green data centers were built. Key core technologies have experienced breakthroughs. Investment in research and development of digital technologies is increasing every year. The level of digitalization in the service sector has increased significantly. The digital transformation of agriculture is making steady progress. In China, the deep implementation of the development strategy focused on innovation, promoting key technology research, accelerating the forging of long boards, making up for short boards, and building an independent and controlled industrial ecology.
Education can bring resource-type regions to sustainable development. However, education receives very little scientific attention as an object of strategizing. The existing definitions and descriptions of education do not quite correspond to the general theory of socio-economic systems. The science of strategizing needs a new theoretical and terminological analysis of this concept. This research relies on the general theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V. L. Kvint, e.g., the structural-system analysis and the logical methodology for definitions. It covers the existing approaches to the definition of the concept and structure of education systems published in the Russian Science Citation Index. Based on the general theory of systems, the authors developed the following definition for the education system in a resource-type region: it is a complex of individuals, organizations, and institutions linked by pedagogical, psychological, organizational, and socio-economic relations regarding and aimed at developing human capital for the sustainable inclusive development of people, businesses, resource regions, and post-extractivist practices. This definition includes not only elements, but also relationships within the system and its purpose. The article introduces a conceptual scheme of a holistic strategy for the development of the education system in a resource-type region. The scheme makes it possible to strategize all elements, from education to tailored strategies for students and academics. The research results can be used by universities, regional authorities, and education management to strategize the development of education in resource-type regions.
Energy projects in the Russian Arctic requires advanced, effective, and save technologies capable of working in harsh climatic conditions. Unmanned vehicles are a key trend in the contemporary oil and gas industry. They perform complex technological operations without direct human involvement. Unmanned vehicles deliver cargo to remote fields, monitor environment, do seismic exploration, provide photo and video surveillance, etc. The key advantage of unmanned vehicles is their uninterrupted round-the-clock operation, regardless of external circumstances. Drones make it possible to reduce the time of cargo delivery and ensure the stability of transportation in all weather conditions. Unmanned technologies increase the efficiency of logistics because they are reliable means of delivering equipment and materials to distant oil and gas fields. Submersible, land, and aerial drones of Russian production are used in the Arctic oil and gas fields. The achieved results create prerequisites for long-term development in this area. As the technical capabilities expand, the range of tasks increases to include magnetic exploration, mapping land plots, laser scanning for digital terrain models, etc. Russian oil and gas companies in the Arctic are likely to benefit from unmanned technologies in the long term.
The article examines the issues of strategic approaches to the construction of energy efficient buildings in the context of green building. International and Russian environmental standards are considered as a tool to improve the efficiency of green building. The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the current state of energy efficiency of buildings in Russia and to identify strategic development trends. Objectives – to study the regulatory framework that stimulates the strategic development of green building and energy efficiency; review of applied energy efficient technologies; review of national environmental standards.
The article analyzes the strategic approach to industrial development in Russia. The author studied the regulatory environment, i.e., strategies, programs, and projects, that affects economic sectors and sets the vector of industrial development. A detailed analysis of these strategies, programs, and projects revealed a number of significant shortcomings that reduce the effectiveness of the public administration system for long-term industrial and socio-economic development. The author described the theoretical foundations of economic and industrial development, best practices in building effective industrial growth drivers, and existing methodological flaws in the strategic approach to industrial strategies in Russia. The research revealed the need to change the methodological approach to strategizing in Russia. As an effective solution, the author proposed the methodology of industrial strategizing based on the general theory of strategy and methodology of strategizing developed by the National School of Strategizing and Professor Vladimir L. Kvint, Dr.Sc. (Econ.), Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In the face of unprecedented sanctions, Russian industries require a new strategy for industrial equipment production. However, its strategizing in the new conditions require a thorough scientific analysis. This article proposes some strategic priorities for the production of industrial equipment in the modern economic conditions. The research featured enterprises that produce industrial equipment in the Kemerovo Region. The methodology relies on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V. L. Kvint, as well as on the economic theories about the new normal. The OTSW analysis revealed the key trends in the production of industrial equipment, as well as the possibilities for its development as an object of strategizing. The analysis involved the values and interests of industry stakeholders and the mission of industrial equipment production. Depending on competitive advantages, strategic priorities are divided into first and second order priorities. The priorities of the first order include cluster cooperation and joint projects; an innovative ecosystem based on an open innovation model; strategic synergy of development plans with customers and suppliers. The second-order strategic priorities include the export of products to friendly countries and a complete range of high-quality mining equipment. The results can be used in decision-making by industrial equipment manufacturers, consumers, and regional authorities.
Central Asia is currently undergoing some major transformations on its way to a new active sub-region with a wide system of international relations. The article features various strategies that the countries of Central Asia design for their socio-economic development. It introduces some objective prerequisites that shaped the idea of socio-economic integration of the peoples of Central Asia. Uzbekistan encourages this integration by creating and promoting a new image of Central Asia as a steadily developing and prosperous region with a shared economic and political environment. The author analyzed the approaches that the countries of Central Asia employ to develop and implement their own socio-economic strategies. Following the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint, the strategies are harmonized at various levels within the common Central Asian agenda. The current global transformation of the international order makes it difficult to make any reliable forecasts. However, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan present a role model for other regions as they seek to come up with consolidated responses to the new challenges while using their potential and competitive advantages as part of regional and national strategies.
This article introduces a new analysis algorithm that can be applied to territorial organization of urban systems. After directed zoning, the zones are divided into those of balance and those of disproportions. The obtained solutions of the territorial-communication model are compared with a fractal standard, which serves as an indicator of the most effective urban organization in terms of the basic life support infrastructures and their communications. The algorithm makes it possible to reveal territorial disproportions of the urban environment, i.e., risk areas that violate the stability of the urban system as a whole and require external management.
The article deals with issues related to the development of a strategy for the location of an industrial enterprise. The location strategy is part of the corporate strategy, which defines its values and interests. A corporate location strategy is often linked to an entry strategy. The article introduces a strategic analysis of the factors that determine the location of an industrial enterprise, depending on the evaluation criteria and the industry specifics. The study is based on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint. This approach helps to choose the location of an industrial enterprise, consider its global, national, and sectoral long-term development, and take into account its external and internal environment. The strategic analysis of placement factors and alternative options was based on an OTSW-analysis and special decision-making methods. The paper also reviews the relevance of location factors from the first theoretical works to modern empirical studies based on surveys of company managers and econometric analyses. The author designed a general algorithm for developing a strategy for locating an industrial enterprise. The theory of strategy and methodology of strategizing made it possible to neutralize the negative consequences of subjective decisions that still interfere with the location strategizing.
The Russian Far East occupies the northeastern part of Eurasia. Its northern coast has access to the Arctic and the Pacific through the Laptev, East Siberian, and Chukchee seas, while its eastern coast borders on the Bering, Okhotsk, and Japan seas. The region stretches from north to south, and its nature, climatic zones, flora, and fauna are extremely diverse. As a result, the Russian Far East has an enormous potential for tourism. Its transport and transit potential also means unique opportunities for the regional social and economic development. For instance, the macroregion has a good background for close cooperation with the large emerging markets of the Asia-Pacific countries. However, the sectoral structure of the Far-Eastern economy is mainly represented by mining and manufacturing industries. The current strategic task is to increase the share of non-commodity and non-energy exports in the overall structure of the country’s exports. Pacific Russia needs new strategic opportunities while its touristic potential needs new assessment means. The present research featured tourism as a strategic branch of the economy of the Russian Far East. The author believes that the unconditional competitive advantages of this macro-region will eventually boost the domestic tourism development strategy. The article introduces an analysis of strategic opportunities, as well as economic, financial, labor, and time resources. This research is the first and most important stage in the analysis of the external environment of the object of strategizing. The fundamental importance of this stage lies in the fact that the window of opportunities is short-lived. Therefore, the global touristic prospects of this vast resource-rich territory depend on the timeliness of management decisions, i.e., a systemic integrated development of the industry based on a single strategy document. The analysis made it possible to outline some strategic guidelines for the diversification of the Far Eastern economy and improving the quality of life in the microregion. The further research will involve a comprehensive assessment of the strengths, weaknesses, and competitive advantages of the region.
Crucial industries of the Russian Federation require new organizational and economic development forms. The present article introduces an innovative form of interaction between economic entities: it is crossindustrial and metaverse-based. The article also features a detailed analysis of the strategic potential of industrial metaverses that can boost the development of important domestic industries in the conditions of economic mobilization. The authors focused on the factors that predetermine the need to create such industrial metaverses.
The current state policy of the Russian Federation supports the development of physical culture and sports, in particular hockey, to solve a complex of social and political problems. Sport as a sphere and industry is changing rapidly due to various external challenges. Consequently, strategic management has to adapt to these changes and challenges. The current situation demands a clear strategic plan, not universal business models or outdated strategic methods. Sport is a business that requires complex management and a strategy. A sports team owes its success not only to its athletes but also to the proper strategic decisions. Unfortunately, the methodology of developing strategies for sports industry received little scientific attention. The present research objective was to identify effective strategies in the sports industry. This paper clarifies and systematizes many concepts and approaches to the strategy development that have been adapted for sports organizations with all their specifics. The authors propose a new scheme for sports industry strategy and a number of recommendations on the strategy development in the sports industry that can be recommended for practical application. The study relied on the general theory and methodology of strategizing developed by V.L. Kvint, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr.Sc.(Econ.), at the Center for Strategic Studies of the Institute for Mathematical Research of Complex Systems, the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Department of Economic and Financial Strategy of the Moscow School of Economics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, the Department of Regional and Sectoral Development Strategy of the Kemerovo State University, and the Department of Industrial Strategy of National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”.
Venture funds are an element of the infrastructure that supports innovation. They make a significant contribution to the development of the national innovation system, as well as increase industrial competitiveness and high-tech production. This article describes the long-term strategic priorities for the developmentof domestic venture funds. The research relied on the method of regression analysis, as well as on the theoretical and practical concept of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint and adapted for the venture capital market. These methods made it possible to analyze the global and national strategic trends in the development of venture funds. The analysis of strategic documents provided a strategic assessment of the effect of venture capital and government R&D expenses on various indicators of the Russian economy. It also revealed the role of public and private fundings as strategic multipliers of innovative activity. The data obtained allowed the authors to formulate the strategic priorities for the development of venture funds in Russia.
ntroduction. The socio-economic development of the Russian Far East is one of the most important strategic directions of Russia, corresponding to the national interests and development vector. For this vector to be transmitted to the regional and sectoral level, it needs strategic opportunities, relevant in the context of multiple trends and limited resource base. Energy security includes reliable energy consumption and efficiency. It ensures the socio-economic progress of developing economies and emerging-market countries. The Russian Far East has accumulated enough scientific, technical, industrial, and production potential to use gas industry as a long-term driver of socio-economic development. The research objective was to analyze and systematize the main interest groups focused on the development of gas industry in the Russian Far East. Study objects and methods. The study was based on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint, as well as on authentic methods of industrial strategizing. Results and discussion. The article introduces a concept scheme that illustrates the relationship between regional and sectoral gas strategies of the Russian Far East, as well as their place in the general system of strategies. The author systematized the main national, social, regional, industrial, corporate, and international interests. The analysis confirmed the long-term interest of the gas industry in the Far Eastern Federal District at each of these levels. Conclusion. In the Russian Far East, gas industry will establish strong vertical and horizontal relationships in the system of strategies, thus producing a multiplicative effect on the socio-economic development of the whole Far Eastern Federal District and its regions.
Introduction. In the 1960s, the USSR and the United States raced not only in the sphere of arms and space exploration, but also in various socio-economic spheres, including advanced automated management systems in the field of economics, which treated economy as a single object of management. Study objects and methods. The present research involved declassified archival documents, as well as domestic and foreign works on automated control systems (ACS). Results and discussion. The authors analyzed the fundamental goals and objectives set by the leaders of the two superpowers, focusing on the nationwide automated processing and control systems (NAPCS), their operation principles, and the reasons behind their failure. They compared NAPCS with alternative systems, e.g. ACS-70, ACS-80, the system of the Kuntsevo radio engineering plant, ARPANET, etc., as well as with modern systems that were based on the Soviet heritage. Conclusion. Apparently, the USSR won the first part of the ACS race, but the project failed, and the USA with its ARPANET (1969) became the undisputed leader. However, most contemporary Russian situation centers are based on the Soviet studies.
Over its 300-year history, the Kuzbass Region has become one of the strongest industrial and coal mining areas. However, new environmental requirements stipulated by the Paris Agreement and the EU Energy Strategy require a new diversified and innovative economy, i.e. comfortable conditions for people to live and do business. The Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Kuzbass through 2035 was approved by Regional Law No. 163‑OS on December 23, 2020. The Strategy covers human capital, ecology, reclamation water resources, digitalization, economy, investment, tourism, exhibitions, etc. All these aspects are highlighted in the monographs of the Strategy of the Kuzbass Region. The publications prove that a long-term strategy should combine traditional and novel competitive advantages of the region, which include hydrogen cluster, transport infrastructure, digitalization of business and other spheres, better environmental conditions, forest and land reclamation, sustainable use of water resources, as well as the importance of rebranding the region on the domestic and international arena.