ISSN 2782-2435 (Print),
ISSN 2782-2621 (Online)
Vladimir L. Kvint, Editor-in-chief, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Life-time), Dr.Sc. (Econ.), Professor of Political Economy, Honored Fellow of Higher Education of the Russian Federation – the title was given by the President of the Russian Federation
View Profile
Periodicity:
4 times a year

Journal «Strategizing: Theory and Practice»

"Strategizing: Theory and Practice" is an international peer-reviewed journal founded in 2021. Publication frequency four times a year. Our team use a double blind review process to ensure quality of the contributions and publish online and printed original research articles that bring together theory, methodology, and practice in global, national, and regional strategizing. Our strategic goal is to contribute to the theory, development, and implementation of the most effective national, regional, corporate, and industrial strategies. Our authors analyze the experience of strategic development in cities, regions, and industries. They also study competitive advantages of various successful enterprises, from industrial giants to small businesses.

Volume 2, Issue 4 (2022)

Methodology of Strategic Management of Coal Mining Enterprises in an Emergency Period
Abstract
Download PDF
The article features the strategic management of coal mining companies in Russia under the current Western sanctions. The research objective was to identify the optimal methodological approaches and priority strategic measures that would ensure the sustainable long-term development of coal-mining enterprises affected by the sanctions. The authors identify the threats to coal mining enterprises caused by the sanctions, as well as their impact on the sustainable development of the mining industry. They compiled a list of strategic measures that could change the development strategy of coal mining enterprises in the context of external sanctions pressure. First, the logistics chains between the Eastern ports and the Asia-Pacific market should be reorganized. Second, coal mining enterprises should be technologically independent. Third, the interaction between the regional authorities and coal mining businesses requires new models. The article also proves the expediency of the strategic approach and methodological recommendations to managing the sustainable development of coal mining companies in the context of a long-term sanctions. The scientific and methodological apparatus of the coal mining strategic management is a promising scientific matter that requires a further analysis.
Feasibility and Effectiveness Assessment of Strategies and National Projects in the Context of Global Transformations
Abstract
Download PDF
Problems, threats, and risks are often considered selectively in national strategies and projects. As a result, new factors appear during their implementation: they limit the solution of strategic tasks, cause crisis phenomena, and recurrent gaps in the socio-economic development. The authors developed a procedure of causal analysis. It focuses on entire path of problem development, from the establishment of its root and indirect causes to the determination of direct and visible changes in the human living environment. The analysis features the completeness of factor accounting in problems, threats, and risks. It also covers strategic objectives and targets to assess the feasibility of strategic priorities and the effectiveness of project activities. The article also introduces some methodological tools of the causal analysis. They can be applied to factors that affect strategic planning and can be used to assess national projects, i.e., their feasibility of strategic objectives and effectiveness.
Regional Identity in Strategy
Abstract
Download PDF
The article features the concept of regional identity in Kuzbass. On the one hand, regional identity is based on the policy of strategizing the management and promotion as part of the Regional Development Strategy through 2035. On the other hand, it reveals various semantic identity structures in the long-term strategic initiative of Kemerovo State as part of The Kuzbass Development Strategy through 2071. The analysis involved the challenges of systemic and functional problems of regional development that appeared as a result of socio-economic changes in the digital economy. It also described the projects of innovation and leadership centers. The authors believe that the traditional values and social meanings transform as a result of the state strategy aimed at increasing the competitive advantages of the regions. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study relied on the fundamental provisions of V.L. Kvint’s theory of strategy, certain methodological provisions of regional strategizing, the theory of social identity, and the mission of the region. The authors performed a selective OTSW analysis as an effective tool for monitoring and substantiating strategic opportunities. They constructed a model of regional development component that consisted of a system of social meanings. This system determined the joint efforts in achieving goals and the basic principles of ecology of interaction between flexible business strategies of regional companies, social movements, the youth, ambassadors of investment projects, etc. The approach provided a holistic vision of semantic orientation, which incorporated every stakeholder. Sustainable innovative strategies of regional development define the region as a unique territory with a unique socio-economic organization. They provide a single cognitive environment and a stable regional identity in determining the priority socio-economic bases for the integrative structures that trigger innovations. Strategic priorities in these areas ensure unique long-term development of the regions, as well as give the multiplicative impulse to the socio-economic development of the entire macroregion.
Strategic Analysis of International Trade Conflicts: Leading Economies and Their IT Industries
Abstract
Download PDF
The difficult-to-control processes caused by trade wars and sanctions can be analyzed only post factum, since the large-scale state-level decisions need time to take effect. Modern trade-war methods usually include a collective pressure on the competing country, and the economic leverage is accompanied by the power politics. In recent years, national economies have undergone many crises, trade conflicts, and black swan events. The International Monetary Fund predicts no return to former economic growth rates. The IT industry is an advanced digitalization driver and a promising direction for state investments. The sphere of IT technologies will also have to adjust to the new circumstances. This study focuses on the IT industries of the world’s leading economies and the sanctions policy of the recent years. The research relied on domestic and international scientific papers, analytical reports, statistical collections, and expert assessments related to the topic of international trade wars, political sanctions, and the IT industry. The author considered international trade conflicts both diachronically and synchronically. The current state of the leading economies was described in terms of their GDP. Some experts report the low effectiveness of full-scale sanctions in defending political and economic interests. Since Western Europe and the United States were responsible for most trade wars in the past, they probably find this mechanism beneficial in conducting a dialogue with their opponents. The author believes that the IT industry will be able to adapt to the new economic reality as the era of the unipolar world imposed by the United States is fading into history, triggering inevitable changes in the international economic relations.
Strategy for Improving Procurement Efficiency in the Oil and Gas Complex: Foreign Experience
Abstract
Download PDF
The current macroeconomic challenges have affected the oil and gas complex, which remains the locomotive of Russian economy. Foreign partners are leaving Russian projects as the European Union and the United States initiate unprecedented sanctions against Russian economy. As a result, the oil and gas industry has to change its logistics to compensate for the lack of supply of goods and services from unfriendly countries. The industry has to turn to the best world practices in the sphere of procurement. Effective procurement activities can solve the problem of technological independence and import substitution in Russian oil and gas companies. The author analyzed the experience of foreign companies in the sphere of mineral resources, industry, and trade. The research objective was to identify the best practices that allowed these enterprises to become leaders in their economy sectors.
Digital Transformation Strategy for the Russian Television and Radiobroadcasting Network
Abstract
Download PDF
Russian enterprises need technological independence and new strategies for non-standard solutions in such spheres as import substitution, novel production processes, effective management of complex engineering facilities, high labor productivity, etc. This research featured the digital transformation of an economic entity, which was chosen based on a list of seven principles that determined the importance of the enterprise for the national economy. The author used the method of OTSW analysis developed by Professor V.L. Kvint to determine the strategic priorities for the digital development of the Russian Television and Radiobroadcasting Network (RTRN). The initial data were obtained from its employees via a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 37 questions divided into functional groups. It served as an aggregator of information about the current state of the enterprise and its readiness for digital transformations. The RTRN was evaluated as an “exemplary enterprise”; however, its digitalization level did not reach that of a “smart enterprise”. The survey made it possible to define the strategic priorities for the prospective digital transformation, as well as to describe the concept of digital development. The author also calculated the economic effect from the practical implementation of priority digital development measures. The resulting digital development strategy can be applied to digital transformation projects in other sectors of the national economy.
Strategic Priority Directions of Library Development: The Russian State Library
Abstract
Download PDF
As a result of economic digitalization, the library acts a social institution that performs an extremely important adaptive function: it improves social stability by preserving, exchanging, and disseminating the accumulated spiritual, scientific, and technical potential. As a result, libraries need innovative management approaches. In particular, they need a long-term cultural policy to create a single information space for authors, readers, publishers, and book traders. The digital economy offers new opportunities to provide an expanded list of services that go in line with the interests and needs of various categories of readers. The author used the strategizing methodology developed by Professor V.L. Kvint as a universal tool for building advanced development strategies. The approach made it possible to form a new library innovation management system. The OTSW method provided new program activities for the development strategy of the Russian State Library and revealed its innovative potential. The analysis also made it possible to prioritize the temporal and strategic goals, as well as to identify the promising development technologies. The resulting principles define the development strategy of a modern library as a center of digital competencies and new electronic services. The article introduces the practical methods and their application procedure to enhance the existing and potential opportunities of libraries.
Strategizing the Digital Transformation of Higher Education
Abstract
Download PDF
Nowadays, digitalization is affecting all sectors of global economy, including higher education. This process should be conscious and well-structured. This study featured the digitalization phenomenon in higher education, namely its impact on human resources and the strategizing of digital transformation.The author used the theory of strategy and strategizing methodology developed by Professor V.L. Kvint to design the strategy of the digital transformation in the sphere of higher education in Russia. Other methods and approaches included analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, and scientific abstraction. The study resulted in a conceptual framework for strategizing the digital transformation of higher education in Russia. The OTSW analysis proved that the digital transformation of higher education is currently experiencing various difficulties. Most of them are associated with the penetration of digital technologies into academic environment, the socio-psychological risks, and the personality digitalization. The Russian system of higher education needs effective digital strategizing and a clear methodology to overcome all these difficulties.
Quality Education Trend in the Employment Development Strategy of the Amur Region
Abstract
Download PDF
Regional employment depends on the level of education in that particular region. An effective education system makes it possible to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations. Access to quality education boosts economic growth, increases employment prospects, and reduces gender and income inequality. This research featured the strategy of employment development in the Amur Region. The author believes it should be based on the global, national, and regional trends, one of which is public access to quality education. The methodology relied on the theory of strategy and strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint. According to this approach, the high quality of human life is the ultimate goal of any strategy. The analysis revealed Russia’s place in the global education ranking, as well as the national objectives, their indicators, and directions of regional projects as part of the National Education Project in the Amur Region. The strategizing made it possible to define the areas of employment development which are affected by the quality education trend. By implementing the quality education trend, the Amur authorities will be able to identify the opportunities, threats, strengths, and weaknesses to define the strategic priorities in the employment strategy, which will eventually improve the quality of life in the regi on.
Methodology of Regional Strategising in Central Asia
Abstract
Download PDF
Central Asia is currently undergoing some major transformations on its way to a new active sub-region with a wide system of international relations. The article features various strategies that the countries of Central Asia design for their socio-economic development. It introduces some objective prerequisites that shaped the idea of socio-economic integration of the peoples of Central Asia. Uzbekistan encourages this integration by creating and promoting a new image of Central Asia as a steadily developing and prosperous region with a shared economic and political environment. The author analyzed the approaches that the countries of Central Asia employ to develop and implement their own socio-economic strategies. Following the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint, the strategies are harmonized at various levels within the common Central Asian agenda. The current global transformation of the international order makes it difficult to make any reliable forecasts. However, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan present a role model for other regions as they seek to come up with consolidated responses to the new challenges while using their potential and competitive advantages as part of regional and national strategies.
Development Strategizing of Urban Systems Based on Multifractal Dynamics
Abstract
Download PDF
This article introduces a new analysis algorithm that can be applied to territorial organization of urban systems. After directed zoning, the zones are divided into those of balance and those of disproportions. The obtained solutions of the territorial-communication model are compared with a fractal standard, which serves as an indicator of the most effective urban organization in terms of the basic life support infrastructures and their communications. The algorithm makes it possible to reveal territorial disproportions of the urban environment, i.e., risk areas that violate the stability of the urban system as a whole and require external management.
Location of an Industrial Enterprise: Strategic Analysis
Abstract
Download PDF
The article deals with issues related to the development of a strategy for the location of an industrial enterprise. The location strategy is part of the corporate strategy, which defines its values and interests. A corporate location strategy is often linked to an entry strategy. The article introduces a strategic analysis of the factors that determine the location of an industrial enterprise, depending on the evaluation criteria and the industry specifics. The study is based on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint. This approach helps to choose the location of an industrial enterprise, consider its global, national, and sectoral long-term development, and take into account its external and internal environment. The strategic analysis of placement factors and alternative options was based on an OTSW-analysis and special decision-making methods. The paper also reviews the relevance of location factors from the first theoretical works to modern empirical studies based on surveys of company managers and econometric analyses. The author designed a general algorithm for developing a strategy for locating an industrial enterprise. The theory of strategy and methodology of strategizing made it possible to neutralize the negative consequences of subjective decisions that still interfere with the location strategizing.
Strategizing of Russian Far East Tourism
Abstract
Download PDF
The Russian Far East occupies the northeastern part of Eurasia. Its northern coast has access to the Arctic and the Pacific through the Laptev, East Siberian, and Chukchee seas, while its eastern coast borders on the Bering, Okhotsk, and Japan seas. The region stretches from north to south, and its nature, climatic zones, flora, and fauna are extremely diverse. As a result, the Russian Far East has an enormous potential for tourism. Its transport and transit potential also means unique opportunities for the regional social and economic development. For instance, the macroregion has a good background for close cooperation with the large emerging markets of the Asia-Pacific countries. However, the sectoral structure of the Far-Eastern economy is mainly represented by mining and manufacturing industries. The current strategic task is to increase the share of non-commodity and non-energy exports in the overall structure of the country’s exports. Pacific Russia needs new strategic opportunities while its touristic potential needs new assessment means. The present research featured tourism as a strategic branch of the economy of the Russian Far East. The author believes that the unconditional competitive advantages of this macro-region will eventually boost the domestic tourism development strategy. The article introduces an analysis of strategic opportunities, as well as economic, financial, labor, and time resources. This research is the first and most important stage in the analysis of the external environment of the object of strategizing. The fundamental importance of this stage lies in the fact that the window of opportunities is short-lived. Therefore, the global touristic prospects of this vast resource-rich territory depend on the timeliness of management decisions, i.e., a systemic integrated development of the industry based on a single strategy document. The analysis made it possible to outline some strategic guidelines for the diversification of the Far Eastern economy and improving the quality of life in the microregion. The further research will involve a comprehensive assessment of the strengths, weaknesses, and competitive advantages of the region.
Strategic Potential of Industrial Metaverses in the Conditions of Mobilization Economy
Abstract
Download PDF
Crucial industries of the Russian Federation require new organizational and economic development forms. The present article introduces an innovative form of interaction between economic entities: it is crossindustrial and metaverse-based. The article also features a detailed analysis of the strategic potential of industrial metaverses that can boost the development of important domestic industries in the conditions of economic mobilization. The authors focused on the factors that predetermine the need to create such industrial metaverses.
Strategic Development of Venture Funds in Russia
Abstract
Download PDF
Venture funds are an element of the infrastructure that supports innovation. They make a significant contribution to the development of the national innovation system, as well as increase industrial competitiveness and high-tech production. This article describes the long-term strategic priorities for the developmentof domestic venture funds. The research relied on the method of regression analysis, as well as on the theoretical and practical concept of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint and adapted for the venture capital market. These methods made it possible to analyze the global and national strategic trends in the development of venture funds. The analysis of strategic documents provided a strategic assessment of the effect of venture capital and government R&D expenses on various indicators of the Russian economy. It also revealed the role of public and private fundings as strategic multipliers of innovative activity. The data obtained allowed the authors to formulate the strategic priorities for the development of venture funds in Russia.
Strategizing Sports Industry Enterprises
Abstract
Download PDF
The current state policy of the Russian Federation supports the development of physical culture and sports, in particular hockey, to solve a complex of social and political problems. Sport as a sphere and industry is changing rapidly due to various external challenges. Consequently, strategic management has to adapt to these changes and challenges. The current situation demands a clear strategic plan, not universal business models or outdated strategic methods. Sport is a business that requires complex management and a strategy. A sports team owes its success not only to its athletes but also to the proper strategic decisions. Unfortunately, the methodology of developing strategies for sports industry received little scientific attention. The present research objective was to identify effective strategies in the sports industry. This paper clarifies and systematizes many concepts and approaches to the strategy development that have been adapted for sports organizations with all their specifics. The authors propose a new scheme for sports industry strategy and a number of recommendations on the strategy development in the sports industry that can be recommended for practical application. The study relied on the general theory and methodology of strategizing developed by V.L. Kvint, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr.Sc.(Econ.), at the Center for Strategic Studies of the Institute for Mathematical Research of Complex Systems, the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Department of Economic and Financial Strategy of the Moscow School of Economics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, the Department of Regional and Sectoral Development Strategy of the Kemerovo State University, and the Department of Industrial Strategy of National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”.
Kuzbass Strategy over 50-year Planning Horizon: Publications on Strategy of the Kuzbass Region
Abstract
Download PDF
Over its 300-year history, the Kuzbass Region has become one of the strongest industrial and coal mining areas. However, new environmental requirements stipulated by the Paris Agreement and the EU Energy Strategy require a new diversified and innovative economy, i.e. comfortable conditions for people to live and do business. The Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Kuzbass through 2035 was approved by Regional Law No. 163‑OS on December 23, 2020. The Strategy covers human capital, ecology, reclamation water resources, digitalization, economy, investment, tourism, exhibitions, etc. All these aspects are highlighted in the monographs of the Strategy of the Kuzbass Region. The publications prove that a long-term strategy should combine traditional and novel competitive advantages of the region, which include hydrogen cluster, transport infrastructure, digitalization of business and other spheres, better environmental conditions, forest and land reclamation, sustainable use of water resources, as well as the importance of rebranding the region on the domestic and international arena.
Strategizing of the Russian Far East Gas Industry: Systematization of Main Interests
Abstract
Download PDF
ntroduction. The socio-economic development of the Russian Far East is one of the most important strategic directions of Russia, corresponding to the national interests and development vector. For this vector to be transmitted to the regional and sectoral level, it needs strategic opportunities, relevant in the context of multiple trends and limited resource base. Energy security includes reliable energy consumption and efficiency. It ensures the socio-economic progress of developing economies and emerging-market countries. The Russian Far East has accumulated enough scientific, technical, industrial, and production potential to use gas industry as a long-term driver of socio-economic development. The research objective was to analyze and systematize the main interest groups focused on the development of gas industry in the Russian Far East. Study objects and methods. The study was based on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint, as well as on authentic methods of industrial strategizing. Results and discussion. The article introduces a concept scheme that illustrates the relationship between regional and sectoral gas strategies of the Russian Far East, as well as their place in the general system of strategies. The author systematized the main national, social, regional, industrial, corporate, and international interests. The analysis confirmed the long-term interest of the gas industry in the Far Eastern Federal District at each of these levels. Conclusion. In the Russian Far East, gas industry will establish strong vertical and horizontal relationships in the system of strategies, thus producing a multiplicative effect on the socio-economic development of the whole Far Eastern Federal District and its regions.
Automated Control Systems as a Strategic Tool for Decision Making and Forecasting in a tate-Planned Economy
Abstract
Download PDF
Introduction. In the 1960s, the USSR and the United States raced not only in the sphere of arms and space exploration, but also in various socio-economic spheres, including advanced automated management systems in the field of economics, which treated economy as a single object of management. Study objects and methods. The present research involved declassified archival documents, as well as domestic and foreign works on automated control systems (ACS). Results and discussion. The authors analyzed the fundamental goals and objectives set by the leaders of the two superpowers, focusing on the nationwide automated processing and control systems (NAPCS), their operation principles, and the reasons behind their failure. They compared NAPCS with alternative systems, e.g. ACS-70, ACS-80, the system of the Kuntsevo radio engineering plant, ARPANET, etc., as well as with modern systems that were based on the Soviet heritage. Conclusion. Apparently, the USSR won the first part of the ACS race, but the project failed, and the USA with its ARPANET (1969) became the undisputed leader. However, most contemporary Russian situation centers are based on the Soviet studies.