ISSN 2782-2435 (Print),
ISSN 2782-2621 (Online)
Vladimir L. Kvint, Editor-in-chief, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Life-time), Dr.Sc. (Econ.), Professor of Political Economy, Honored Fellow of Higher Education of the Russian Federation – the title was given by the President of the Russian Federation
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Periodicity:
2 times a year

Journal «Strategizing: Theory and Practice»

"Strategizing: Theory and Practice" is an international biannual peer-reviewed journal founded in 2021. Our team use a double blind review process to ensure quality of the contributions and publish online and printed original research articles that bring together theory, methodology, and practice in global, national, and regional strategizing. Our strategic goal is to contribute to the theory, development, and implementation of the most effective national, regional, corporate, and industrial strategies. Our authors analyze the experience of strategic development in cities, regions, and industries. They also study competitive advantages of various successful enterprises, from industrial giants to small businesses.

Volume 2, Issue 2 (2022)

Saint Petersburg Metro: Strategizing Methodology in Practice
Abstract
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Sustainable socio-economic development of St. Petersburg needs a new transport system that would match the current innovative community-oriented economy in competitive high-quality transport services. The issue is of particular relevance in the unstable conditions of economy and foreign policy. The main task of the St. Petersburg Metro is to ensure the transport connection in areas with heavy passenger flows between peripheral areas and the city center. The sustainable development of the St. Petersburg Metro can improve the urban transport system and the socio-economic situation in the entire region. The article describes the practical application of the theory of strategizing developed by Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor V.L. Kvint. It introduces the sequence of actions in the process of developing long-term strategy for the St. Petersburg Metro. The authors studied previously implemented strategies and performed an OTSW analysis. The proposed methodological approaches made it possible to formulate a mission and a vision, substantiate the most important strategic priorities, and identify competitive advantages, as well as to determine strategic goals, objectives, and indicators that correspond with the planning horizon through 2035.
Strategizing the Mineral Resource Complex in Russia
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The article deals with the Russian mineral resource complex, the current carbon neutrality trend in the world economy, and the current development of the petrochemical industry. The adaptation of the Russian economy to the global energy transition requires new approaches to the strategizing of the mineral resource complex industries as a foundation for sustainable economy in Russia. The paper introduces the main competitive advantages of the mineral resource complex and its branches. The research methods included the theory of macroeconomics and the OTSW-analysis, which revealed opportunities, threats, strengths, and weaknesses of the domestic mineral resource complex. The author analyzed various inertial and intensive scenarios of energy transfer and their impact on the competitiveness and sustainable growth of the Russian economy. The study also focused on the strategic opportunities for the mineral resource complex development and the annual economic effect of the new strategy. The strategizing should be based on the global carbon neutrality trend because mineral raw materials are not renewable. Strategizing of the mineral resource complex will ensure a high level of technological development and competitiveness of the Russian economy, as well as increase the export and the gross domestic product.
Strategic Analysis of the Construction Industry in Kyrgyzstan
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This article discusses company strategies. In strategic management, a strategy is a long-term qualitative direction that the company develops to achieve its goals. Basically, a strategy is what companies should do to achieve their goals in an unstable and competitive environment. The strategic analysis assesses the current and future state of the organization and determines its strategic choices. The present research featured the construction industry in the Kyrgyz Republic. It relied on Professor V.L. Kvint’s theory of strategizing in the economic system. In modern conditions, construction business requires a proper development strategy to adopt new innovative solutions that allow construction companies to reach a new level of quality. Construction companies can develop strategies based on the specific characteristics of their products. Business requires investments. On the one hand, the investment complex is a self-sufficient reproductive system. On the other hand, it is an integral part of a much larger system, i.e., the state. The research revealed no single methodology for selecting and implementing particular types of strategic analysis because each construction company is unique. Managers must have a clear vision of all aspects of the long-term development. Strategies are often limited to option-specific commitments, so decisions need to be considered and evaluated very carefully.
Elements and Stages of Regional Financial Strategies Development
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Choosing the appropriate elements and stages of a regional financial strategy is an important scientific and methodological task. According to the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing, this aspect is also important for regional financial systems. In the context of limited resources and intense inter-regional competition, a regional financial strategy should be consistent with higher-level strategies and attract financial resources to implement the local strategic priorities. The theory of strategy and strategizing methodology developed by Professor V.L. Kvint can be applied to regional financial strategies. The article features philosophical foundations of the strategy: values, elements, stages, stakeholders, and their relationship in the process of regional financial strategizing.
Strategizing Financial Security: Opportunities and Threats
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Introduction. Stability of financial systems has become the most important issue of economic strategizing as a result of geopolitics, global economic crisis, and pandemics, which affect regions and the state as a whole. Financial security is now the current strategic priority of socio-economic development. Study objects and methods. The present research featured Kuzbass as an example of industrial region and its financial security as a strategic characteristic of the financial system. The study of financial security relied on a systematic approach based on the dialectical perception of reality. The empirical research relied on statistical methods, analysis of existing knowledge systems, economic monitoring, etc. The resulting abstract system and theoretical generalizations made it possible to define the strategic priorities of the regional development. In economics, the consistency principle takes into account the territorial features of socio-economic systems; the specifics of natural, economic, technical, and other factors; the degree of its political, administrative, and economic independence; its interaction with other regions, etc. Results and discussion. The phenomenon of financial security of the region is considered as an element of strategic management of socio-economic development. The author determined and classified the essential characteristics of financial security to make up a scheme of formation and development of financial risk as an element of the system of strategic priorities. Within this scheme, inflation and unemployment are additional aggregate criteria for assessing the level of financial security. Conclusion. New systemic threats in the field of finance require new ways to optimize financial relations and develop a theoretical and methodological foundation for qualitative and quantitative assessments of financial security. Numerous studies focus on various aspects of financial security in order to explain the interrelations of the financial bloc with economic elements in the regions, in Russia, and abroad. These relationships define the methodology for assessing the level of financial security and its subsequent consideration in strategizing. The present research compared a set of criteria with their threshold levels. However, these estimates may grow less reliable following the changes in the significance and priority of the corresponding criteria in the unstable economic and political reality. The new conditions require mobility and flexibility in adapting these criteria to the conditions of a particular region. This strategic project can be designed and implemented based on Professor V.L. Kvint’s concept of strategizing.
Value Orientations in the Strategy of a Youth Project Leader
Abstract
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Introduction. Youth projects become especially important in a situation of uncertainty since they create the country’s development potential. New leaders should be focused not only on their own well-being, but also on that of others. Therefore, the value orientations of youth leaders are of highest significance for strategizing. Study objects and methods. The present research featured the value orientations that leaders choose for the effective implementation of youth projects. The study was based on the theory of strategizing introduced by Professor Vladimir Kvint, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His strategic thinking methodology was used to perform a systematic analysis of the value orientations in the leaders of the National University Laboratories of Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety Project of the Russian Federation. Results and discussions. If leadership is a value-oriented quality, then a leader’s strategy should be based on objective values and ideals that define the leader’s choice. The value priorities of the youth project leader should take into account the values of society, the state, the region, and the team, its main goal being life-quality improvement. The proposed national system of university laboratories can develop effective value attitudes in its leaders. The project is carried out at the Saint-Petersburg State Agrarian University; it has been tested at various conferences, the public feedback was included in the annual Public Resolution on Environmental Protection and Development of the Russian Federation of the XII International Environmental Forum 2021. Conclusion. The national system of research and academic laboratories is capable of forming value-ecological and socially responsible leaders in different activity spheres on the global, national, regional, industrial, and corporate levels.
Global Trends in Improving the System of Personnel Support for Innovative Development
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Human resources management of innovative economic development creates conditions that activate innovative processes in all industries and spheres. The article contains a list of global trends that form these conditions. The trends usually depend on the digitalization and transformation of modern business models based on the ecosystem approach. For each trend, university education has the key role in staffing support.
Strategy of Transition to a New Level of Technological Development of the Economy
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Introduction. The strategy for the transition to a new level of technological development of the economy is aimed at accelerating innovations and increasing competitiveness. New opportunities for technological development form a favorable environment that promotes economic growth by introducing energy-efficient and resource-saving industrial technologies, technical re-equipment, and production modernization. Study objects and methods. The present research featured the technological development of the economy. The study relied on the theory and methodology of the strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint. The methods included generalization, synthesis, criteria analysis, and causal method. Results and discussion. The article describes the chronological sequence of evolutionary development of technologies while focusing on how scientific and technical progress boosted the dynamics of production changes. Effective strategic planning tools guarantee prompt management decisions aimed at solving various strategic production and non-productive tasks. Technological road maps are an especially useful tool: they describe both the main result of innovation and the process of long-term planning, combined with the specifics of the choice, transfer, introduction, and industrial development of technologies. Conclusion. The analysis performed made it possible to identify and substantiate the strategic capabilities and priorities of the technological development of Russian economy. The obtained results can help to determine the strategic tasks of bringing domestic economy to a new level of technological development.
Research and Technology Advancement of the Tatarstan Republic: Strategy Development
Abstract
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The Russian economy is currently experiencing major transformations. Under these conditions, the issues of research advancement, technological development, and import substitutions are relevant both at the federal and regional levels. The present research featured some theoretical aspects of developing a new strategy for the scientific and technological advancement of the Tatarstan Republic, as well as the main tools and directions of its implementation. The article introduces the main trends that must be taken into account and the opportunities, threats and risks that take place in the real economy of the Republic of Tatarstan. The obtained results can be of practical use for specialists involved in strategy development.
Strategizing of the Russian Far East Gas Industry: Systematization of Main Interests
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ntroduction. The socio-economic development of the Russian Far East is one of the most important strategic directions of Russia, corresponding to the national interests and development vector. For this vector to be transmitted to the regional and sectoral level, it needs strategic opportunities, relevant in the context of multiple trends and limited resource base. Energy security includes reliable energy consumption and efficiency. It ensures the socio-economic progress of developing economies and emerging-market countries. The Russian Far East has accumulated enough scientific, technical, industrial, and production potential to use gas industry as a long-term driver of socio-economic development. The research objective was to analyze and systematize the main interest groups focused on the development of gas industry in the Russian Far East. Study objects and methods. The study was based on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint, as well as on authentic methods of industrial strategizing. Results and discussion. The article introduces a concept scheme that illustrates the relationship between regional and sectoral gas strategies of the Russian Far East, as well as their place in the general system of strategies. The author systematized the main national, social, regional, industrial, corporate, and international interests. The analysis confirmed the long-term interest of the gas industry in the Far Eastern Federal District at each of these levels. Conclusion. In the Russian Far East, gas industry will establish strong vertical and horizontal relationships in the system of strategies, thus producing a multiplicative effect on the socio-economic development of the whole Far Eastern Federal District and its regions.
Kuzbass Strategy over 50-year Planning Horizon: Publications on Strategy of the Kuzbass Region
Abstract
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Over its 300-year history, the Kuzbass Region has become one of the strongest industrial and coal mining areas. However, new environmental requirements stipulated by the Paris Agreement and the EU Energy Strategy require a new diversified and innovative economy, i.e. comfortable conditions for people to live and do business. The Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Kuzbass through 2035 was approved by Regional Law No. 163‑OS on December 23, 2020. The Strategy covers human capital, ecology, reclamation water resources, digitalization, economy, investment, tourism, exhibitions, etc. All these aspects are highlighted in the monographs of the Strategy of the Kuzbass Region. The publications prove that a long-term strategy should combine traditional and novel competitive advantages of the region, which include hydrogen cluster, transport infrastructure, digitalization of business and other spheres, better environmental conditions, forest and land reclamation, sustainable use of water resources, as well as the importance of rebranding the region on the domestic and international arena.
Strategic Analysis of the Region's Competitive Advantages in the Context of Industrial Tourism Development
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Introduction. Industrial tourism is a niche tourism area that combines a unique emotional experience, educational functionality, and cultural and historical component in a single tourist product. Government and business have realized the strategic importance of industrial tourism. Together with the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI), they are implementing comprehensive programs for the development of industrial tourism in regions with significant industrial heritage. Study objects and methods. The present research was based on the theory of strategy and methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint. The authors performed an in-depth analysis of the competitive advantages and resource provision of the regions that signed an agreement with the ASI. Various economic, social, and other reasons force regional authorities to develop industrial tourism. However, unjustified development of industrial tourism may diffuse the limited regional, municipal, or company budgets. Results and discussion. Statistical indicators and strategic documents showed that the regions under discussion have certain industrial potential for the development of this type of tourism. However, poor transport infrastructure, transport accessibility, and tourist infrastructure reduce the chances to diversify the local economy through industrial tourism. Conclusion. Not all regions that have the ASI agreement have sufficient competitive advantages and resources for this strategic opportunity. New members must undergo a strategic analysis of the competitive advantages and priority directions. Regions with good competitive advantages should develop a special program or a strategy for the development of industrial tourism.
Conservation of Biodiversity and Protection of Forest and Water Resources: a Strategy for Boreal Zone
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The article introduces a new system of boreal forest management that aims at preserving the biodiversity, resources, and ecological potential. The research results can help to develop regional strategies for large forest regions that experience significant man-made impact. Antropogenic factors destroy the resource potential of forests, as well as their biological diversity, not to mention the hydrological regime of rivers. The paper features various measures that make it possible to avoid risks and ensure sustainable long-term use of forests.
Interregional Competition for Strategic Economic Factors
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The present research featured various ways to increase the investment attractiveness of regions, realize the potential of their development strategies, and assess the resource provision of their strategic priorities. The limited resources and ever-growing interregional competition mean that regions strive to increase their competitiveness and attract the missing resources. The paper introduces a new approach to the problem: the factors of economic development of regions should be divided into basic and mobile. These two groups are to be analyzed for the level of provision of the regional strategic development. Such approach can help local authorities to attract resources and implement the sustainability of the regional strategy, thus increasing the local strategic investment attractiveness and improving the quality of life in the region. Regional governments should select priorities that have a high potential for attracting mobile resources from other regions. The paper also contains an algorithm for analyzing the resource provision of strategic priorities.
Noonomy as a Strategical Project
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New production technologies create more opportunities to meet people’s needs. However, they inevitably increase the antropogenic load on the environment. Therefore, the social conditions of industrial production have to be changed in such a way as to use the new technologies to solve the emerging problems without aggravating them. One option is to increase the knowledge intensity of production, which means that specific weight of knowledge should be embodied in the production and dominate the material costs. Another option is to replace human functions by automated production means. However, the current social production conditions concentrate new technological opportunities on the production and sales growth, which further increases consumption and the volume of absorbed natural resources. Consumption also grows due to the false needs imposed on consumers. Knowledge-intensive production creates prerequisites for the transition to the second generation industrial society, but this transition alone cannot solve the numerous global problems. The only solution is to replace the current economic criteria of production and consumption with those based on reason and culture, i.e. noonomy, which is a non-economic way of satisfying people’s needs. The roadmap towards noonomy should be a consciously managed strategic project based of the concept of strategizing developed by Professor V.L. Kvint.
Economic Systems and Digital Transformation in the Kemerovo region: A Strategic Study of Conditions and Readiness Assessment
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The current crisis and the accelerated economic development both require new methods and technologies in order to plan the development of socio-economic and business entities. Digital transformation proved extremely effective in improving economic performance. Digital transformation requires an executable strategy that can help the economy to reach the target state by distributing available resources in priority areas. The economic system is ready for digital transformation if it possesses an appropriate external environment. The article introduces an authentic approach to the analysis of the processes at the core of the regional economy. The research featured the case of the socio-economic system of the Kemerovo region. It included a comprehensive assessment of the region’s viability in creating a favorable business environment at the early stage of digital transformation. To prevent economic stagnation, the leading regional enterprises should introduce capital-intensive technologies and conduct digital business transformation. Such poles of growth can open access to digital technologies for small and medium-sized businesses, thereby ensuring the sustainability and competitiveness of the region. New IT ecosystems are the key to successful digital transformation as they implement a systematic approach to decision-making, as well as such technologies of knowledge-driven economy as predictive analytics, artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, etc. The paper also contains recommendations for the development of a consolidated information area on a digital enterprise.
A Strategic Approach to Russian Media System Analysis: Defining Mission, Values and Priorities
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Modern media has transformed into a full-fledged industry, embedded in the national economy and inextricably linked with other industries. The strong dependence between the main economic indicators of the media industry and macroeconomic indicators determines the importance of a long-term media strategy. A successful strategy of media system development may improve the national economy and ensure social prosperity in the sense of Aristotelian eudaimonia. The research objective was to develop a new methodology for media strategizing with its mission, values, objectives, and strategic priorities. The study was based on strategy theory, media theory, mathematical economics, econometric methods of strategic media monitoring, and a new method of game-theoretic models of the three-sided market. The object of strategizing was a complex multi-level environment formed by media institutions in their interaction with each other and society, media market, infrastructure, manufacturers, developers, and distributors. The Russian media system was subjected to a primary OTSW analysis, which revealed five priorities. The author developed a quantitative assessment methodology for each priority. The research is a foundation for a separate interdisciplinary discipline “Theory of Media Strategy”.
Strategic Priorities for the Development of Social Capital in the Regions of Russia
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Introduction. Social capital is an important strategic asset for regional development. It refers to the institutions, relationships, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of social interactions. Human assets, social capital, and institutional environment are the three pillars of human potential for the creation of wealth. The present article introduces basic approaches to the definition and assessment of social capital and its types. The research results can help to create new strategies for the socio-economic development of regions. Study objects and methods. The authors identified three parameters of social capital: frequency of human contacts, homogeneity, and hierarchy. The paper also describes four types of social capital: linking, bonding, identifying, and uniting. Results and discussion. The research featured the development of social capital in the regions of the Central Federal District in 2000–2019, as well as the priority directions of the development of social capital in the city of Moscow and the regions of Moscow, Kaluga, and Kursk. Conclusion. At the regional level, strategic priorities for the development of social capital depend on its key components, current state, forming factors, and trends. The research can be of interest for scientists and decision-makers in the field of territorial strategic development.
Fifteen-year strategy and fifty-year perspective in the nine-volume Kuzbass Strategy Library
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Globalization triggered a number of socio-economic transformations in the regions of Russia. These processes require new approaches to determine any long-term prospects. Only progressive methods of long-term strategy and careful strategic prioritizing can improve the quality of life of people in the regions. Most regions have already gained certain experience of strategizing, but the programs have a limited implementation potential. However, some positive examples may help to adjust or revise the development strategies in other regions.