ISSN 2782-2435 (Print),
ISSN 2782-2621 (Online)

Volume 3, Issue 3, 2023

Strategic planning of socio-economic development is one of the most important state functions. In advanced countries, the modern state represents the interests of the whole society with all its social and age strata. Its actions rely on forecasting the trends in national and global development. The state defines national interests, goals, and development priorities to implement them through strategic plans, programs, projects, and development institutions. The mainstream economic thought does not justify the state intervention into the market. However, the modern practice of public administration has proven the need for strategic planning of socio-economic development as a prerequisite for successful economic growth. The research objective was to identify the methodological foundations of effective strategic planning. It relied on such traditional methods of scientific research as analysis, synthesis, generalization, and comparison. Despite the poor representation of the topic in scientific journals, the author formulated methodological recommendations that can be applied in practice when adjusting public policy.
This research is part of a larger project on modeling national power and security indicators. It involved the method of multidimensional statistical analysis as an integral indicator that characterizes the total potential of each country, as well as the strategic development of its socio-ecological and economic system. The national economic potential in the international trade network was represented as a graph that illustrates the trade flows between countries. The centrality index marked the importance of a particular country in the international trade network, i.e., its ability to affect other countries, and its vulnerability, i.e., its dependence on other countries. The graph took into account the national power of the country, its partner countries, and the commodity circulation between them. The authors used the case of the global pandemic crisis and the local sanctions imposed on Russia in 2014 to study the adaptive ability of powerful national economies. The research resulted in two regression models. The model of the economic bloc of the national power took into account the trade volume and the vulnerability index in the international trade network. The model of national GDP growth relied on the growth of the economic bloc of national power, the trade volume, and the increase in exports, as well as the vulnerability index in the international trade network.
At present, the wave of digital economy is sweeping the world. Countries all over the world are competing for the strategic commanding height in digital economy. In order to firmly seize this major historical opportunity and to transform and upgrade its economic structure faster, Russia keeps on strengthening the core capabilities of the digital economy such as information infrastructure, new generation information technology, ICT industry, human resources, information security, and digital environment supervision. Research purpose: a competitive analysis of the national strategic planning for the digital economies in China and Russia. Research objectives: 1) to provide definition for the digital economy; 2) to show the current improvement of the digital economy; 3) to study Russia’s digital economy; 4) to explore China’s digital economy. Research methodology: study of theoretical literature, data collection and analysis. Research results. “Strategy of the Information Society Development in the Russian Federation for 2017–2030” (2017) implies creating conditions for developing large companies in the information and communications technology industry in order to protect national interests in the digital economy. In 2021, Russia’s investment in the development of the digital economy reached the total of 4.094 trillion rubles. It represents an increase of 7.8 % compared to 2020 and amounts to 3.7 % of GDP. Over the past decade, China’s digital economy has made world-renowned development achievements. The overall scale has been the second best in the world for many years. The construction of information and communication networks is a global leader in terms of scope. The "Broadband China" strategy has been diligently implemented. The country has built the world’s largest fiber optic and mobile broadband network. The length of optical cable lines increased 2.7 times from 14.79 million km in 2012 to 54.81 million km in 2021. By June 2022, the total number of data center racks in China exceeded 5.9 million standard racks, and 153 national green data centers were built. Key core technologies have experienced breakthroughs. Investment in research and development of digital technologies is increasing every year. The level of digitalization in the service sector has increased significantly. The digital transformation of agriculture is making steady progress. In China, the deep implementation of the development strategy focused on innovation, promoting key technology research, accelerating the forging of long boards, making up for short boards, and building an independent and controlled industrial ecology.
Education can bring resource-type regions to sustainable development. However, education receives very little scientific attention as an object of strategizing. The existing definitions and descriptions of education do not quite correspond to the general theory of socio-economic systems. The science of strategizing needs a new theoretical and terminological analysis of this concept. This research relies on the general theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V. L. Kvint, e.g., the structural-system analysis and the logical methodology for definitions. It covers the existing approaches to the definition of the concept and structure of education systems published in the Russian Science Citation Index. Based on the general theory of systems, the authors developed the following definition for the education system in a resource-type region: it is a complex of individuals, organizations, and institutions linked by pedagogical, psychological, organizational, and socio-economic relations regarding and aimed at developing human capital for the sustainable inclusive development of people, businesses, resource regions, and post-extractivist practices. This definition includes not only elements, but also relationships within the system and its purpose. The article introduces a conceptual scheme of a holistic strategy for the development of the education system in a resource-type region. The scheme makes it possible to strategize all elements, from education to tailored strategies for students and academics. The research results can be used by universities, regional authorities, and education management to strategize the development of education in resource-type regions.
Energy projects in the Russian Arctic requires advanced, effective, and save technologies capable of working in harsh climatic conditions. Unmanned vehicles are a key trend in the contemporary oil and gas industry. They perform complex technological operations without direct human involvement. Unmanned vehicles deliver cargo to remote fields, monitor environment, do seismic exploration, provide photo and video surveillance, etc. The key advantage of unmanned vehicles is their uninterrupted round-the-clock operation, regardless of external circumstances. Drones make it possible to reduce the time of cargo delivery and ensure the stability of transportation in all weather conditions. Unmanned technologies increase the efficiency of logistics because they are reliable means of delivering equipment and materials to distant oil and gas fields. Submersible, land, and aerial drones of Russian production are used in the Arctic oil and gas fields. The achieved results create prerequisites for long-term development in this area. As the technical capabilities expand, the range of tasks increases to include magnetic exploration, mapping land plots, laser scanning for digital terrain models, etc. Russian oil and gas companies in the Arctic are likely to benefit from unmanned technologies in the long term.
The article examines the issues of strategic approaches to the construction of energy efficient buildings in the context of green building. International and Russian environmental standards are considered as a tool to improve the efficiency of green building. The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the current state of energy efficiency of buildings in Russia and to identify strategic development trends. Objectives – to study the regulatory framework that stimulates the strategic development of green building and energy efficiency; review of applied energy efficient technologies; review of national environmental standards.
The article analyzes the strategic approach to industrial development in Russia. The author studied the regulatory environment, i.e., strategies, programs, and projects, that affects economic sectors and sets the vector of industrial development. A detailed analysis of these strategies, programs, and projects revealed a number of significant shortcomings that reduce the effectiveness of the public administration system for long-term industrial and socio-economic development. The author described the theoretical foundations of economic and industrial development, best practices in building effective industrial growth drivers, and existing methodological flaws in the strategic approach to industrial strategies in Russia. The research revealed the need to change the methodological approach to strategizing in Russia. As an effective solution, the author proposed the methodology of industrial strategizing based on the general theory of strategy and methodology of strategizing developed by the National School of Strategizing and Professor Vladimir L. Kvint, Dr.Sc. (Econ.), Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In the face of unprecedented sanctions, Russian industries require a new strategy for industrial equipment production. However, its strategizing in the new conditions require a thorough scientific analysis. This article proposes some strategic priorities for the production of industrial equipment in the modern economic conditions. The research featured enterprises that produce industrial equipment in the Kemerovo Region. The methodology relies on the theory of strategy and the methodology of strategizing developed by Professor V. L. Kvint, as well as on the economic theories about the new normal. The OTSW analysis revealed the key trends in the production of industrial equipment, as well as the possibilities for its development as an object of strategizing. The analysis involved the values and interests of industry stakeholders and the mission of industrial equipment production. Depending on competitive advantages, strategic priorities are divided into first and second order priorities. The priorities of the first order include cluster cooperation and joint projects; an innovative ecosystem based on an open innovation model; strategic synergy of development plans with customers and suppliers. The second-order strategic priorities include the export of products to friendly countries and a complete range of high-quality mining equipment. The results can be used in decision-making by industrial equipment manufacturers, consumers, and regional authorities.