Сдвиг стратегического императива и парадигмы в экономике (Ж. Сапир)

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Оригинальная статья
УДК 303.43:342.534.17

Ж. Сапир
Высшая школа социальных наук, Париж, Франция; sapir@msh-paris.fr

Аннотация: Идея стратегического мышления совершенно противоположна традиции увязывать выбор агентов (индивидуальных или коллективных) с процессом максимизации при наличии ограничений. Теория общего равновесия обесценила понятие стратегии, так же как теория всеобщей свободной торговли девальвировала
понятие суверенитета. Но эта парадигма разваливается. С появлением радикальной неопределенности, ставшей очевидной из-за пандемии COVID-19, нужно заново изучать науку и искусство стратегии, ведь мы живем в мире баланса сил. Как можно определить стратегию? Необходимо четко различать стратегию государства и стратегию компании. Этот дискуссионный вопрос находится в самом фокусе спора о роли и значении различных институций в экономике. Существует множество стратегий. Поэтому нужно задаться вопросом: следует ли упражняться в искусстве выбора стратегии, если присутствует имманентная предрасположенность к рискованным операциям.

Ключевые слова: Стратегия, стратегическое мышление, неопределенность, риск, процессуальная рациональность, индивидуальные предпочтения, информация, знание

Цитирование: Sapir J. The Strategic Imperative and the Paradigm Shift in Economics // Стратегирование: теория и практика. 2021. Т. 1. № 1. С. 1–14.   https://doi.org/10.21603/2782-2435-2021-1-1-1-14

Поступила в редакцию 17.04.2021. Прошла рецензирование 11.05.2021. Принята к печати 17.05.2021

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